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The Bolshoi Tjach Skulls, Adygea, Russia

The Bolshoi Tjach mountain

The Bolshoi Tjach mountain 

In January 2016, a story appeared in the English alternative media and websites about two strange skulls found in Russia. The story had been translated from a Russian newspaper. However the translator seems to have mixed two different stories, the one of the find of the skulls, and the one of the find of the Nazi Ahnanerb coffer and ring (the Ahnanerb was the archaeological department of Nazi Germany). Both were found in different locations in the Caucasian mountains. The confusion stems from the fact that the skulls are housed in a fossil and artifact museum that also harbors found Nazi objects from the Nazi occupation of that region in the Second World War. As this chapter deals with only strange skulls, I will be limiting myself to the skulls.

The problem with news stories is that details get left out, or misinterpreted, especially when translated into another language. So, I have been going through the online Russian news articles and have gathered the following information about these two very strange skulls. 

map

The skulls are housed in a small museum in the town of Kamennomostsky (Каменномостский), in the Republic of Adygea, which is is a federal subject of Russia, located near the Black Sea. The town is a few dozen miles from the city of Maikop (Майкоп). The museum in this town is called Belovode (Беловодье).  Kamennomostsky is a village that many tourists go through to go into the mountains.

   The Belovede Museum

Vladimir Malikov is the owner of Belovode. His museum is a tourist attraction that houses all kinds of objects found in the region. It has a large fossil collection, saurian bones, and all kinds of other artifacts. It also has artifacts from the Nazi occupation of that region. It has been noticed that these Nazi objects are all in good condition,  which has led to the supposition that he has found a well preserved cache.

 The Belovede Museum interior

The interior of the museum
fossil collection

fossilized ammonites  

Vladimir Malikov said that two years ago, cavers had found two unusual skulls in a cave on the mountain Bolshoi Tjach (Большой Тхач), which is about 50 miles southeast of Kamennomostsky.

One of the two skulls is very unusual. Malikov says that the presence of the hole at the bottom of the skull where the spine attaches, proves that this creature was walking upright on two legs. It is also very unusual that the skull dos not have a cranial vault as with humans. It also has no jaws. The whole head is one fixed bony enclosure. The large eye sockets arches back, and then we have horn-like extensions.

He has sent photos to paleontologists, but they could not explain it.

In another article I found that some researchers had conducted a series of tests on one of the skulls (skull#1) and found it to be about 4000 years old.

Despite being found two years ago, news of it has only gone global after a separate find of a Nazi briefcase and ring on the Elbrus mountain, which is another 100 miles southeast. The two stories were mixed together into one article that since have gone around and around.

Aside from this article and some pictures taken by people who visited the museum, there are no additional details. However Vladimir Malikov has let visitors take pictures of the skulls from all angles, and they are pretty convincing that these are real skulls. The question is: they are so strange and unusual that we can rule out any human origin, or even hominid origin. We could call them humanoid but they are very different from a normal human skull.

 

In the following picture you see the two skulls hanging in the museum. The top skull has gained the most attention, but the bottom skull is also very different from a normal human skull.

skulls on the wall
skulls on the wall 

The Top Skull:

Elbrus skull 1 
Elbrus skull 1 
Elbrus skull 1
Elbrus skull 1
 

For comparison, here is a human skull:

human skull

The following are some high resolution pictures. In the right column I have given my own opinions.

skull1

 www.ammonit.ru
detail skull1

I changed the contrast in the picture to bring out some more detail.
The eyes are facing forward, suggesting a predator type being.
The eye cavity is stretched out and not round as with humans. Its edge is not smooth, but undulating. Especially the top part of the eye cavity rim has a saw tooth edge.
The nose holes are very small square. In a human skull the nose holes are larger and triangular in shape.
The two holes underneath, on either side have a channel running upwards and sideways. Are these additional airway passages, or places where a strong muscle  was attached?

 
skull1 

www.ammonit.ru
Side view of the skull.

The face goes straight down and arches backwards at the bottom.

Notice the suture:

suture on the side

There is no lower jaw, as with humans. The whole head is made of skull plates fused together at the sutures.
skull1 

www.ammonit.ru
Front bottom view.

You can see that the eye cavities are really wide.

At the very bottom there is an opening. Could this be a small mouth part? If it is a mouth, then the being did not bite or chew, but could only have sucked in its food.

mouth part?
skull1 

www.ammonit.ru

detail skull1

vk.com
Rear view.

Here you can see clearly that the skull arches backwards and sideways in two parts. It gives the impression of horns, but this is actually all part of the skull. 
The bottom is wider and has hole where the spine attaches.
Very different from a human skull.


This is what a human skull looks like from the bottom where the spine attaches:

human skull
skull1 

vk.com
Bottom view.

The face of the skull is lying down on the table. Eye sockets are at the bottom of the picture. 

You can see the 'mouth' opening at the top of the picture.
Look at the strange indentations, left and right, above the holes.

detail skull1


Some more pictures from another source (livejournal.com). Click on thumbnails:

skull1  skull1  skull1  skull1  skull1  skull1  skull1 

The Lower Skull:

skull2 

Paleontological Institute
Front view.

The eyes are facing forward, suggesting that this is also a predator type being.

This skull also has two sideways extensions, but more upwards than skull #1. The top parts have broken off.
The eye sockets are smaller than skull #1, but here they are slanted slightly upwards at the sides.

This creature seems to have a big nose. Although the nose holes are still smaller than those of  a human, the ridges around it, and the thick dividing bone between the two holes, suggest a thick, fleshy nose. Nose holes are also rectangular.
It might have had a lower, detachable jaw, that got lost.

There seems to be two additional holes next to the eye socket and above the nose holes.
Also there is a strange right angle 'cutout' at the upper rim of the left eye socket.

detail skull2
skull2 

Paleontological Institute
Large holes next to the eye cavities on the sides of the skull. Ear holes?

Flat head, no forehead.

This creature seems to have a large mouth.

Compare this with a human skull:

human skull
skull2

Paleontological Institute
Rear view.

Similar to the skull #1.
skull2 

Paleontological Institute
Side view shows clearly the very flat head, and the sideways extensions.



 skull2

Paleontological Institute